ELHANAN BEN SHEMARIAH (d. 1026), head of the academy in Fostat (Old Cairo), Egypt, at the beginning of the 11th century. Elhanan studied at the Pumbedita academy during the gaonate of sherira with whom he later exchanged responsa as he did with the latter's son and successor hai , and samuel b. hophni , head of the Sura academy. A number of Sherira Gaon's responsa to Elhanan are extant. Elhanan was honored by the title "the sixth" at the academy in Palestine. After the death of his father he became the head of the academy in Fostat. His academy received a grant from the royal treasury. When Caliph al-Ḥākim stopped this support, Elhanan turned for assistance to the Jewish communities, including those outside Egypt. It is believed that Elhanan wrote a talmudic commentary, and commentaries to the tractates Bava Kamma and Avodah Zarah have been attributed to him. His literary works, found in the Cairo Genizah , include a poem against the karaites following saadiah gaon 's approach. From a fragment of a book of Arabic sermons attributed to him, it appears he also studied philosophy. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Poznański, in: Festschrift A. Harkavy (1908), 187–8 (Heb. pt.); Mann, Egypt, index; Mann, Texts, index: Assaf, in: Tarbiz, 9 (1937/38), 217–8; idem, Teshuvot ha-Ge'onim (1942), 114–6; Abramson, Merkazim, 105–55. (Simha Assaf)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ELHANAN BEN ḤUSHIEL — (first half 11th century), av betdin in kairouan , Tunisia. Elhanan went to Kairouan from Italy with his father at the end of the tenth century. His name appears in verses contained in a letter of R. Ḥushiel to (publ. by S. Schechter in JQR, 11… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shemariah ben Elhanan — was head of the yeshibah of Cairo, Egypt, about the end of the 10th century. Abraham ibn Daud ( Sefer ha Ḳabbalah, in A. Neubauer, M. J. C. i. 68) relates that Ibn Rumaḥis (or Ibn Demahin), an Arab admiral, had captured four scholars who were… …   Wikipedia

  • SHEMARIAH BEN ELHANAN — (d. 1011), scholar in egypt . According to the legend of Abraham ibn Daud (G.D. Cohen (ed.), The Book of Tradition (1967), 64), Shemariah was one of four captives who were taken prisoner in c. 970 while on a journey to collect contributions for… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SOLOMON BEN JUDAH — (d. 1051), Palestinian gaon and academy head in Jerusalem and in Ramleh from 1025 to 1051. It appears that R. Solomon was the son of a family of scholars from Fez. He married into the family of Solomon b. Joseph ha Kohen, who preceded him in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ẒEMAḤ ẒEDEK BEN ISAAC — (second half of tenth century), gaon of the Sura Academy in Baghdad from about 988 to about 997; descendant of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shemaria ben Elhanan — Shemarya ben Elhanan Shemarya ben Elhanan (hébreu : שמריה בן אלחנן) est un rabbin du Xe siècle, devenu l un des principaux talmudistes de son temps. Il dirigea l académie talmudique du Caire, faisant de ce centre l un des pôles de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shemarya ben Elhanan — (hébreu : שמריה בן אלחנן) est un rabbin du Xe siècle, devenu l un des principaux talmudistes de son temps. Il dirigea l académie talmudique du Caire, faisant de ce centre l un des pôles de savoir du monde juif, relativement indépendant… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ḤUSHI'EL BEN ELHANAN — (end of 10th and beginning of 11th centuries), talmudist and founder of talmudic studies in N. Africa. Ḥushi el was a contemporary of Sherira Gaon and the father of Hananel b. Ḥushi el . He headed the academy of kairouan , and under him it… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Samuel ben Hofni — (d. 1034) was the last gaon of Sura. His father was a Talmudic scholar and chief judge ( ab bet din, probably of Fez), one of whose responsa are extant (see Zunz, Ritus, p. 191; Steinschneider, Hebr. Bibl. xx. 132), and on whose death Samuel… …   Wikipedia

  • IBN ABITUR, JOSEPH BEN ISAAC — (10th–11th century), Spanish talmudic scholar and poet. Frequently mentioned under the name of Ibn Shatanash, Ibn Abitur explains that this name was given to his great grandfather who wielded great power in Spain… including the power over life… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”